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Resources (Writings & Research Papers)


  • “A Peer-to-Per Electronic Cash System” – The Bitcoin White Paper by Satoshi Nakamoto (2009)
  • Time is money, or so the saying goes. It follows that money is also time: a repre­sen­ta­tion of the collec­tive economic energy stored by humanity. However, the link between time and money is more intri­cate than it might seem at first. If money requires no time to create, it doesn’t work as money very well, or not for long. More profoundly, as we shall see, keeping track of things in the infor­ma­tional realm always implies keeping track of time. As soon as money goes digital, we have to agree on a defin­i­tion of time, and herein lies the whole problem. 
    Der Gigi “Bitcoin Is Time” (2021)
  • Universal Access to Basic Finance by Andreas Antonopoulos (2019)
  • The Bullish Case For Bitcoin Vijay Boyapati (2018)
  • “Cash, by virtue of its technology (paper bills or gold coins) provides a secret right to not have your transaction censored”
    Your Secret Right to Cash, Peter van Valkenburgh (2017)
  • “Cyberspace does not lie within your borders. Do not think that you can build it, as though it were a public construction project. You cannot. It is an act of nature and it grows itself through our collective actions”
    A Declaration of Independence of Cyberspace, John Perry Barlow (1996)
  • “The precursors of money, along with language, enabled early modern humans to solve problems of cooperation that other animals cannot – including problems of reciprocal altruism, kin altruism, and the mitigation of aggression. These precursors shared with non-fiat currencies very specific characteristics – they were not merely symbolic or decorative objects.”
    Nick Szabo – Shelling Out: The Origins of Money (2002)
  • “Privacy is necessary for an open society in the electronic age. Privacy is not secrecy. A private matter is something one doesn’t want the whole world to know, but a secret matter is something one doesn’t want anybody to know. Privacy is the power to selectively reveal oneself to the world”
    A Cypherpunk’s Manifesto by Eric Hughes (1993)
  • “Just as the technology of printing altered and reduced the power of medieval guilds and the social power structure, so too will cryptologic methods fundamentally alter the nature of corporations and of government interference in economic transactions”
    The Crypto Anarchist Manifesto, Timothy C. May (1988)
  • “The end of property really is the end of freedom. Every would-be tyrant excoriates private property, not because communism would be great for the people but because private ownership is a barrier to the tyrant’s power and control”
    Private Property by Ludwig von Mises (1949)
  • “A Credit System that grows beyond sight and which is yet a safe debt for the present requirements-constitutes a dangerous money power. To forbid this credit system must be a preliminary article of perpetual peace all the more because it must eventually entangle many innocent states in the inevitable bankruptcy and openly harm themselves against such a state and its measures”
    Towards Perpetual Peace, Immanuel Kant (1795)


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